You have been assigned to a member of staff as your "supervisor" according to your subject, the range of which must be determined in consultation with him/her.

Deadlines: Those only in Spain during the second semester can postpone these deadlines, but should be in touch with their supervisor in the first semester even so. Before going abroad, you must, by 20th September, have sent to your supervisor:-

During your first term abroad you will receive advice from your supervisor. By 20th December a further chapter should be in the hands of the supervisor. All those students returning to U.K. for the Christmas vacation are urged to contact their supervisor at this time.

By 20th March a further instalment of the essay, and by 10th June the whole of the first draft, should have reached the supervisor. This will leave the summer vacation for revision. If you do not adhere to this timetable, you cannot expect last-minute assistance from your supervisor. Advice will not necessarily be available during the second summer vacation. The finished essay must be handed in to the Departmental Secretary by 4.00 pm on the first Monday of the final year. Extensions will be granted only on very exceptional grounds.

Failure to submit an extended essay is a breach of university requirements and such cases will be automatically referred to the Faculty Progress Committee, which will decide whether or not you shall be allowed to continue your studies; in any case, you will, of course, lose the total marks allocated to one paper in the Final examination.


Approximately 5,000 to 8,000 words (25-30 typed pages).


The essay is expected to be a systematic and coherent study of a literary, historical, linguistic or cultural theme within the general field of "Hispanic Studies". Detailed first-hand acquaintance with the topics studied must be clearly evident. Undue dependence on sources must be avoided.

N.B. Sources of information or critical attitudes should always be acknowledged. Failure to do so amounts to academic dishonesty and will be severely penalised.


The essay must be written in Spanish, Catalan or Portuguese. The expression must be clear and grammatical. 30% of the marks will be based on an assessment of language, 70% on content.


Typed on A4 paper, double-spaced, with a good margin on left. Number the pages throughout in the top right-hand corner. Use a clip folder, or something similar, but please do not use a ring binder, as these are bulky and can cause problems in the event that your essay may need to be posted to the External Examiners for moderation. Make a spare copy for yourself to keep, as your essay will not be returned to you.


Normally three or four chapters. Each chapter should have its own title. A table of contents should be provided. There should be a brief preface outlining the nature and scope of the study. (For layout, see under Bibliography).


These should be grouped at the end of each chapter. Numbering of footnotes should begin afresh for each chapter. Make sure that the numbers given to the footnotes correspond to the numbers used in the text. The following are examples of some typical footnotes:-
  1. Véase John Beusterien, "Blotted Genealogies: a survey of the libros verdes" Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 88 (2001), 183-98.
  2. Véase Margaret Wilson, op.cit., p. 52. (op.cit.="work already mentioned").


Very short quotations should be incorporated into the text with quotation marks. Longer ones should be typed without quotation marks, single-spaced, but separated from the text by double spacing top and bottom and indented ½ inch from the left margin. Precise references, usually in the form of footnotes (see above), must be given for all quotations, including full title on first occasion and using op.cit. subsequently if there is no ambiguity.

N.B. Where repeated quotations from the same text (novel, play etc.) are necessary, the first reference should be in a footnote, which should also state: Todas las citas corresponden a esta edición. After that you can include your references in brackets within the body of your essay.

Example of first reference (in a footnote):

Véase Tirso de Molina, La venganza de Tamar, ed. A.K.G. Paterson (Cambridge: Cambridge U.P., 1979), Act III, II, 725-30. Todas las citas corresponden a esta edición.


Titles of plays and novels, critical works and journals should be underlined; titles of articles, poems, essays, chapters etc. should be in inverted commas. For example: Cervantes' Don Quijote, but Lorca's poem "La guitarra". Use a minimum of capital letters in Spanish titles. For example: La vida es sueño, Poesías completas. Contrast English usage: As You Like It, Shakespeare's Complete Works, with capital letters.


This is a methodically arranged list of works mentioned in the essay, to appear at the end.

Each item must give name of author, title, place (in the case of books) and date of publication, and (in the case of articles) pages. They should be listed in alphabetical order of authors. The following are some examples:

  1. Nimetz, Michael, Humour in Galdós, (Yale: U.P., 1968)
  2. Williams, Lynn, "Política lingüística en la España actual", Bulletin of Hispanic Studies 88 (2001), 1-16
N.B. In order to facilitate the compilation of the Bibliography students are advised to note down carefully the author, title, place and date of publication, etc., of relevant books and articles at the time at which they consult them.

The extended essay is a piece of original research of approximately 4000 words and is a requirement for
the IB diploma. This aspect of the IB program offers students the opportunity to investigate, in depth, a
topic of special interest to them. In the process, they become acquainted with the kind of independent
research and writing skills expected at the university level. The selection of a topic for the extended essay
enables students to either deepen their program of study by choosing a topic from one of their IB courses,
or they can broaden their studies by writing on a unfamiliar topic outside their own particular IB program.
Approximately 60 subjects are available in the IB curriculum for students to choose from, including 30

A well done extended essay requires approximately 40 hours of private study and writing time, so,
consequently, it is recommended that students start their research during the first year of their two year
program. During the second year of the program, students have the additional time demands of guided
course work, preparation for oral examinations, and college applications. A good rule of thumb is, that by
the start of the second year, students should have the bulk of the research done as well as the outline of
their essay. In hopes of facilitating the research and writing of the extended essay, the following
guidelines are recommended for all first year students:

1) Make sure you have copies of the IB General Guidelines and Assessment for the extended essay and
have read them thoroughly. If you did not receive copies, pick them up at the IB Office (TOA). Also in
the IB Office is a collection of past extended essay that will give you an idea of what is considered a
good essay.

2) Start by picking a area of study, (science, history, English, etc..). Request from the IB Office a copy of
the IB Extended Essay Guidelines for the specific subject area that you have chosen. Choose a topic
area of special interest to you, (nuclear fusion, economic development of rural Brazil). Narrow down the
topic area until you have a rough research question ( Is Nuclear Fission Feasible or Even Desirable?).

3) Find a faculty advisor and discuss your research question and ideas with him/her. Usually an advisor
can help direct you in the refinement of your research question. IB regulations require that you have an

4) Brazilian Diploma Candidates: If you are taking HL History instead of the required Brazilian Social
Studies courses, then you must choose a topic dealing with Brazilian history or culture, so that the essay
will count as independent study. Please talk to Da. Myriam and Mr. Miller for ideas and orientation.

5) As you start your research be certain that you document every piece of information you obtain on a
bibliography card. If you do research on the internet, be sure that the correct procedures are followed for
listing bibliographical information from the net. Mr. Miller and the Technology Department have
directions for documenting research on the internet. Any sign or form of plagiarism could cost you the
entire diploma, as well as other serious consequences here at Graded!

Remember to start your research early so that you have ample time to do the best job possible. Take
pride in your work and you will recall the experience as time well spent!
The purpose of this essay is to develop skills in the methods of critical research. You will
choose one of your subjects, most usefully the one you will study at university, and select
a topic for research. With the help of a teacher supervisor you will work over several
months to produce an essay of a maximum of four thousand words. Past experience has
shown that the majority of students derive intense satisfaction from the completion of a
very thorough, personal piece of work.
The title is usually chosen at the beginning of the third term of the course and the final
essay handed in at the end of the first term in Year 13.
The Extended Essay is graded out of 36. 24 points are awarded for General Criteria and
12 points are awarded for Subject Specific Criteria.

The purpose of the Extended Essay is to provide candidates an opportunity to engage in an independent research
project on an introductory level. Emphasis is placed on the research process, clear communication of ideas and presenting the information in a logical and coherent essay. On the average, it will take a student about 40 hours to prepare
and write the Extended Essay. Mira Loma staff act as consulting advisers and many students find it helpful to work with other experts in their chosen research field as well. There are IB regulations defining acceptable subjects and topics for the Extended Essay, so the topic must be approved before the student begins any research. Candidates should choose their subject by the end of their junior year and begin their research during the summer between junior and senior year.